Lumbago: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Medically Reviewed By : Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Lumbago?! Weird name I should say, but not a weird disease. There’s a saying in English, “Don’t judge a book by its cover”, so just because the name is weird doesn’t mean the disease is also weird. ‘Lumbago’ simply means low back pain. It’s an outdated term so doctors tend to use more specific terms such as sciatica or spinal stenosis.

Now let’s discuss this in detail about lumbago in the following sections!


What is lumbago & what causes it?

Lumbago is not a specific disease or a diagnosis, it is a symptom of many different medical conditions. It’s a common condition involving muscles, nerves and bones of your back. It usually occurs when there is a problem with one or more parts of the lower back or sometimes due to nearby organs like kidneys.

Well….what exactly causes this condition?

As we all know, we spend most of our time sitting on office chairs and doing other activities like watching TV that results in lumbago– it is a general term for the symptom of low back pain.

Lumbago can have various causes and understanding them is important for effective treatment and prevention. Some of the most common causes of lumbago are as follows:

Symptoms of lumbago:

The most obvious and painful symptom is low back pain. People with lumbago feel that it’s a slow and painful death. Well, it doesn’t get you killed but it makes you feel like it.

Consult a doctor if you have any of these lumbago symptoms:

Symptoms that can indicate a serious medical problem are:

There are times when back pain can be a symptom of a serious medical condition. You should consult your doctor if your back pain doesn’t go away for more than 2 weeks.

If your doctor suspects a serious condition, then further examinations or tests will be carried out. They may include:

Now that you learned more about lumbago/low back pain, the question is: what can you do to get rid of it? Let’s find it out!

How is lumbago treated?

Most of the cases are often treated with over-the-counter pain medications. These medications are mostly enough to treat lumbago. When it comes to severe cases, your doctor will recommend some stronger treatments for lumbago.

Here’s how you can prevent lumbago:

Don’t get laid back, instead fight back!

George Burns once said, “Love is a lot like a headache. It doesn’t show up on X-ray but you know it’s here”. If you want to be free from lumbago, you need to take action.

Lumbago is one of the most common conditions and the good news is that this condition can be treated effectively as there are treatments that can help get rid of it. Stretches and strengthening exercises are proven to help strengthen your muscles and reduce the pain caused by lumbago.

If you want to get back to your normal routine you must follow the instructions or suggestions given by your doctor. Only then, you will be able to recover and go back to your normal routine.

Some preventive measures can also be taken like yoga, daily stretches and strengthening exercises that will help make your back stronger and more resilient.