Causes of muscle pain

Medically Reviewed By : Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Musculoskeletal pain is defined as the pain associated with bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. It is a common worldwide problem. It also includes lower back pain, neck pain, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis-related pains. Musculoskeletal pain occurs at any age. 

Muscle pain causes

Causes of muscle pain

What is myalgia and its causes

Myalgia is defined as muscle pain. Acute causes of myalgia include infections, vitamin deficiencies, and muscle injuries. Muscle aches and soreness can also be caused by chronic diseases. These diseases include depression, rheumatoid arthritis, and fibromyalgia. 

Causes of myalgia

Understanding when to do shoulder impingement exercises can make a big difference in your health and pleasure. So, let’s take a look at the best times to include shoulder pain therapy exercises in your daily routine.

1. Acute causes

2. Chronic causes

Causes of calf muscle pain, diagnosis, and its treatment

 1.Causes:- Calf pain is caused by muscle cramps or strain. But sometimes it can be a sign of peripheral artery disease, ruptured Achilles tendon, and deep vein thrombosis. 

 2.Diagnosis:- It includes medical history, physical examination, blood tests, and imaging. 

 a. C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) tests are two of them that may detect the general inflammation connected to infections.

 b. DVT or pulmonary embolism may be diagnosed with the use of a D-dimer test.

 3. Treatment:- It includes several treatments.

Calf muscle cramps

 An unexpected, involuntary spasm of one or more calf muscles is known as a cramp. It can be painful and intensely tight and cause a twitching sensation. 

Muscle spasm

known as Your muscles will painfully constrict during a muscle cramp.  They are frequent, uncontrollable, and involuntary. The most likely treatment includes massage, stretching, and muscle relaxants. The thighs, calves, arms, abdomen, hand, belly, and feet are the areas where muscle spasms occur most frequently. 


Paraspinal muscle spasm

 It is defined as in which lower back muscles may constrict or stiffen up in a condition known as a back spasm. In which the patient feels infrequent spasms that only produce little discomfort. Spasms that produce constant pain are so painful they render the patient paralyzed. 

It can impair the muscle mass in any spinal muscle group, including erector spinae, psoas muscles, thoracic spine and cervical spine. 

 1. Cramps occur at any time. 

 2. Weakness in the hip and back muscles. 

 3. Lower back acne that appears unexpectedly and severely. 

 4. Bending could be uncomfortable. 

 5. Back could feel tight or rigid. 

 6. Difficult to move.

 1. Massage: – Firm pressure relieves muscle tension and relaxes the back when administered to the affected muscles.

 2. Foam roller use: After working out, stiff muscles can be relaxed by rolling on a foam roller. 

 3. OTC Painkillers: – OTC Painkillers are slightly beneficial in reducing back pain. It may reduce the pain within 45-50 minutes. 

 4. Electrolytes and water: – Another reason for muscle spasms is dehydration and imbalance of electrolytes. They make existing spasm worse. 

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation

It is a self-administered, economical technique for relieving pain. In which treatment occurs by the generation of pulsed electrical current and delivered on the surface of skin. When pulsed electrical current is delivered on the surface of the skin then activation of nerves occurs. It is a peripheral stimulation technique. By the use of these techniques, onset of action occurs. This technique is cheaper than long term medications. 

Procedure:- In this technique electrical current passes through the surface of the skin to activate nerves which are present beneath the skin surface. Pulsed electric current is passed by the application of electric pads on the skin by the help of sticky substances produced by non-therapeutic jelly. Pulsed electric current passes with frequency (pulses per second – pps) and health care providers can set the pulse amplitude (mA). 

Different TENS techniques


The musculoskeletal system, in summary, is a magnificent and sophisticated network of bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons, and connective tissues that work together to allow the human body to move, support itself, and be protected. It is essential for maintaining posture, enabling movement, and ensuring structural stability.

The capacity to identify, treat, and manage these disorders has substantially increased thanks to medical developments, physical therapy, and orthopedic procedures, enabling people to restore functioning and carry out their regular activities. For the purpose of preventing age-related conditions like osteoporosis and maintaining musculoskeletal health, it is crucial to comprehend the significance of maintaining bone density, muscular strength, and joint flexibility via exercise, a balanced diet, and good lifestyle choices. In addition to having good posture, ergonomics is crucial in minimizing strain and damage.